Song of the Day

Weekday Shacharit, Song of the Day

 

נהגו לומר בכל ימי השבוע השיר שהיו הלוים אומרים במקדש. ומקורו במס' סופרים (מס' סופרים י"ח, א) לפיכך נהגו העם לומר מזמורים בעונתן. דתנינן תמן (תמיד פ"ז מ"ד) השיר שהיו הלוים אומרים בביהמ"ק וכו'. שכל המזכיר פסוק בעונתו מעלה עליו כאילו בונה מזבח חדש ומקריב עליו קרבן. ע"כ. (עץ יוסף)

 

The custom of reciting a different psalm each day of the week originated in the Temple. The Mishnah (Maseches Tamid 7:4) describes the psalms which were chanted by the Levites each day during the service.

 

בראשון בשבת:

On Sunday:

 

 

 

הַיּוֹם יוֹם רִאשׁוֹן בַּשַּׁבָּת שֶׁבּוֹ הָיוּ הַלְ֒וִיִּם אוֹמְ֒רִים בְּבֵית הַמִּקְדָּשׁ:

 

Today is the first day of the week, on which the Levites used to recite in the Holy Temple:

 

 

 

לְדָוִד מִזְמוֹר לַיהוָֹה הָאָֽרֶץ וּמְ֒לוֹאָהּ תֵּבֵל וְיֽשְׁ֒בֵי בָהּ: כִּי הוּא עַל יַמִּים יְסָדָהּ וְעַל נְהָרוֹת יְכוֹנְ֒נֶֽהָ: מִי יַעֲלֶה בְהַר יְהֹוָה וּמִי יָקוּם בִּמְ֒קוֹם קָדְשׁוֹ: נְקִי כַפַּֽיִם וּבַר לֵבָב אֲשֶׁר לֺא נָשָׂא לַשָּׁוְא נַפְשִׁי וְלֺא נִשְׁבַּע לְמִרְמָה: יִשָּׂא בְרָכָה מֵאֵת יְהֹוָה וּצְ֒דָקָה מֵאֱלֺהֵי יִשְׁעוֹ: זֶה דּוֹר דּוֹרְ֒שָׁיו מְבַקְ֒שֵׁי פָנֶֽיךָ יַעֲקֹב סֶֽלָה: שְׂאוּ שְׁעָרִים רָאשֵׁיכֶם וְהִנָּשְׂ֒אוּ פִּתְ֒חֵי עוֹלָם וְיָבוֹא מֶֽלֶךְ הַכָּבוֹד: מִי זֶה מֶֽלֶךְ הַכָּבוֹד יְהֹוָה עִזּוּז וְגִבּוֹר יְהֹוָה גִּבּוֹר מִלְחָמָה: שְׂאוּ שְׁעָרִים רָאשֵׁיכֶם וּשְׂ֒אוּ פִּתְ֒חֵי עוֹלָם וְיָבוֹא מֶֽלֶךְ הַכָּבוֹד: מִי הוּא זֶה מֶֽלֶךְ הַכָּבוֹד יְהֹוָה צְבָאוֹת הוּא מֶֽלֶךְ הַכָּבוֹד סֶֽלָה:

 

A psalm of David: the earth is YEHOVAH's and the fullness thereof,1Rabbi Judah says in the name of Rabbi Akiva, “On the first day of the week, the Levites sang psalm 24, The earth is YEHOVAH's and the fullness thereof, because on that day GOD took possession of HIS newly created world for Himself, in order to give possession to mankind. Yet HE remained the sole Master of the world.”—Maseches Rosh Hashana 31a the inhabited world and those who dwell in it. For HE founded it upon the seas, and established it upon rivers. WHO may ascend the mountain2Ibn Ezra says that “mountain” refers to Mount Moriah, the location of the Temple. David composed this psalm on the day he purchased the Temple site from Aravna the Jebusite. of YEHOVAH, and who may stand in the place of HIS holiness? The clean of hands and the pure of heart, who has not borne My soul in vain, and has not sworn deceitfully.3HE whose piety is genuine and who will not use the Name of GOD to deceive others.—S.R. Hirsch HE will bear YEHOVAH's blessing4This person can expect that GOD will give him whatever will best serve his genuine welfare.—S.R. Hirsch and righteousness from the GOD of his deliverance. This is the generation of those who seek Him, the seekers of YOUr Presence, [GOD of] Jacob,5“Jacob” refers to all of Israel, the true descendants of the patriarch Jacob.—Radak Selah. Lift up your heads, gates, and be uplifted [you] entranceways to eternity, so that the King of Glory may enter. WHO is this King of Glory? YEHOVAH, strong and mighty; YEHOVAH, the Mighty One in battle. Lift up your heads, gates, and lift, entranceways to eternity, so that the King of Glory may enter. WHO is HE, this King of Glory? YEHOVAH of hosts, HE is the King of Glory, Selah.

 

 

 

(הושיענו וכו'. קדיש יתום.)

(Deliver us...; Mourner's Kaddish.)

 

בשני בשבת:

 

On Monday:

 

 

 

הַיּוֹם יוֹם שֵׁנִי בַּשַּׁבָּת שֶׁבּוֹ הָיוּ הַלְ֒וִיִּם אוֹמְ֒רִים בְּבֵית הַמִּקְדָּשׁ:

Today is the second day of the week, on which the Levites used to recite in the Holy Temple:

 

 

 

שִׁיר מִזְמוֹר לִבְנֵי קֹֽרַח: גָּדוֹל יְהֹוָה וּמְהֻלָּל מְאֹד בְּעִיר אֱלֺהֵֽינוּ הַר קָדְשׁוֹ: יְפֵה נוֹף מְשׂוֹשׂ כָּל הָאָֽרֶץ הַר צִיּוֹן יַרְכְּתֵי צָפוֹן קִרְיַת מֶֽלֶךְ רָב: אֱלֺהִים בְּאַרְמְנוֹתֶֽיהָ נוֹדַע לְמִשְׂגָּב: כִּי הִנֵּה הַמְּ֒לָכִים נוֹעֲדוּ עָבְ֒רוּ יַחְדָּו: הֵֽמָּה רָאוּ כֵּן תָּמָֽהוּ נִבְהֲלוּ נֶחְפָּֽזוּ: רְעָדָה אֲחָזָֽתַם שָׁם חִיל כַּיּוֹלֵדָה: בְּרֽוּחַ קָדִים תְּשַׁבֵּר אֳנִיּוֹת תַּרְשִׁישׁ: כַּאֲשֶׁר שָׁמַֽעְנוּ כֵּן רָאִֽינוּ בְּעִיר יְהֹוָה צְבָאוֹת בְּעִיר אֱלֺהֵֽינוּ אֱלֺהִים יְכוֹנְ֒נֶֽהָ עַד עוֹלָם סֶֽלָה: דִּמִּֽינוּ אֱלֺהִים חַסְדֶּֽךָ בְּקֶֽרֶב הֵיכָלֶֽךָ: כְּשִׁמְךָ אֱלֺהִים כֵּן תְּהִלָּתְ֒ךָ עַל קַצְוֵי אֶֽרֶץ צֶֽדֶק מָלְ֒אָה יְמִינֶֽךָ: יִשְׂמַח הַר צִיּוֹן תָּגֵֽלְנָה בְּנוֹת יְהוּדָה לְמַֽעַן מִשְׁפָּטֶֽיךָ: סֹֽבּוּ צִיּוֹן וְהַקִּיפֽוּהָ סִפְ֒רוּ מִגְדָּלֶֽיהָ: שִֽׁיתוּ לִבְּ֒כֶם לְחֵילָה פַּסְּ֒גוּ אַרְמְ֒נוֹתֶֽיהָ לְמַֽעַן תְּסַפְּ֒רוּ לְדוֹר אַחֲרוֹן: כִּי זֶה אֱלֺהִים אֱלֺהֵֽינוּ עוֹלָם וָעֶד הוּא יְנַהֲגֵֽנוּ עַל מוּת:

 

A song, a psalm by the sons of Korach.6On the second day, psalm 48, “YEHOVAH is great and highly extolled,” was sung by the Levites because on the second day of creation GOD separated the heavenly and earthly parts of the universe and ruled over both.—Maseches Rosh Hashana 31a YEHOVAH is great and highly extolled in the city of our GOD, the mountain of HIS Sanctuary. Beautiful in its panoramic vista, the joy of all the earth is Mount Zion, on the northern extremities (of Jerusalem);7Jerusalem is the source of all the joy in the world. Joy radiates from Jerusalem to the rest of the world because it is the center of the universe, both in terms of geography and history. The Temple era is the midpoint of the generations—of the generations which preceded the Temple, and of those which followed its destruction. The generations before the Temple were uplifted and imbued with the hopes of its realization; the later generations are drawn to its light by recalling its radiant glory and by anticipating its rebuilding. We mention Jerusalem at every joyous occasion to emphasize that it is the true source of joy.—Sfas EmesTziyun is the HEbrew word for a monument, a memorial for someone who has died. When it is spelled “Tziyon, it refers to the site of GOD's Sanctuary, a timeless memorial for the preservation of truth in the midst of mankind. Even though the Temple has been destroyed, the mountain symbolically reminds man of the presence of the true GOD.—S.R. Hirsch the city of the great King.8Some commentators say that the great king refers to David, rather than to GOD. GOD, in its palaces, has become known as a Stronghold. For behold, the kings assembled,9The kings had assembled to attack Jerusalem.—Rashi they passed by together. They saw and were astounded,10When the kings, who assembled to attack Jerusalem, witnessed the wondrous deeds which GOD performed in HIS victorious battle against their armies, they were astounded and terrified.—Radak they panicked and fled in haste. Trembling siezed them there, like the pangs of a woman in labor. With an east wind YOU smashed the ships of Tarshish. As we heard, so we saw in the city of YEHOVAH of hosts, in the city of our GOD; may GOD establish it for eternity, Selah. We hoped, GOD, for YOUr lovingkindness in the midst of YOUr Sanctuary. As YOUr Name, GOD, so is YOUr praise—11We testify that YOUr wondrous deeds match the praise and exalted names which the Prophets used to describe YOUr might.—Radak to the ends of the earth; YOUr right hand is full of righteousness. Let Mount Zion rejoice, let the daughters12Or cities of Judah. of Judah exult, because of YOUr judgments. Rally around Zion and encircle her, count her towers. Consider well her ramparts, raise high her citadels, that you may recount it to future generations. That this is GOD, our GOD forever and ever, HE will lead us like children.13Hirsch and others translate, “HE will lead us beyond death.” They divide almus into two words al mus. Our translation follows Rashi, who renders it as one word.

 

 

 

(הושיענו וכו'. קדיש יתום.)

 

(Deliver us...; Mourner's Kaddish.)

 

 

 

בשלישי בשבת:

 

On Tuesday:

 

 

 

 

הַיּוֹם יוֹם שְׁלִישִׁי בַּשַּׁבָּת שֶׁבּוֹ הָיוּ הַלְ֒וִיִּם אוֹמְ֒רִים בְּבֵית הַמִּקְדָּשׁ:

 

Today is the third day of the week, on which the Levites used to recite in the Holy Temple:

 

 

 

מִזְמוֹר לְאָסָף אֱלֺהִים נִצָּב בַּעֲדַת אֵל בְּקֶֽרֶב אֱלֺהִים יִשְׁפֹּט: עַד מָתַי תִּשְׁפְּטוּ עָֽוֶל וּפְ֒נֵי רְשָׁעִים תִּשְׂ֒אוּ סֶֽלָה: שִׁפְ֒טוּ דָל וְיָתוֹם עָנִי וָרָשׁ הַצְדִּֽיקוּ: פַּלְּ֒טוּ דַל וְאֶבְיוֹן מִיַּד רְשָׁעִים הַצִּֽילוּ: לֺא יָדְ֒עוּ וְלֺא יָבִֽינוּ בַּחֲשֵׁכָה יִתְהַלָּֽכוּ יִמּֽוֹטוּ כָּל מֽוֹסְ֒דֵי אָֽרֶץ: אֲנִי אָמַֽרְתִּי אֱלֺהִים אַתֶּם וּבְ֒נֵי עֶלְיוֹן כֻּלְּ֒כֶם: אָכֵן כְּאָדָם תְּמוּתוּן וּכְ֒אַחַד הַשָּׂרִים תִּפֹּֽלוּ: קוּמָה אֱלֺהִים שָׁפְ֒טָה הָאָרֶץ כִּי אַתָּה תִנְחַל בְּכָל הַגּוֹיִם:

 

A psalm of Assaf14Assaf was one of the ten composers who contributed to the Book of Psalms; he wrote eleven psalms (73-83). The leading Levite musician of his times, he was also endowed with the spirit of prophecy. GOD stands in the congregation of the Almighty,15The Talmud designates psalm 82 for the third day of the week because on the third day of Creation, GOD in HIS wisdom revealed the earth and established the world for HIS chosen “congregation.” This psalm is an allusion to Genesis 1:9 where we read, “GOD said, ‘Let the waters beneath the heavens be gathered (congregate) into one place, so that the dry land may appear’.”.—Maseches Rosh Hashana 31a in the midst of the judges HE gives judgement. How long will you judge lawlessly and show partiality to the wicked forever? Render justice to the lowly and the orphan, deal righteously with the poor and destitute. Rescue the lowly and the needy, save them from the hand of the wicked. They neither know nor understand,16“They” refers to the judges. they walk along in darkness, all the foundations of the earth are shaken.17Justice is one of the three pillars upon which the earth rests (Maseches Avos 1:18). Without justice there is no stability in the world. I had said "YOU are godlike beings, all of you, sons of the Most High." Nevertheless, you shall die like men, and fall like one of the princes. Arise, GOD, judge the earth, for YOU will inherit all the nations.

 

 

 

(הושיענו וכו'. קדיש יתום.)

 

(Deliver us...; Mourner's Kaddish.)

 

 

 

ברביעי בשבת:

 

On Wednesday:

 

 

 

הַיּוֹם יוֹם רְבִיעִי בַּשַּׁבָּת שֶׁבּוֹ הָיוּ הַלְ֒וִיִּם אוֹמְ֒רִים בְּבֵית הַמִּקְדָּשׁ:

 

Today is the fourth day of the week, on which the Levites used to recite in the Holy Temple:

 

 

 

 

אֵל נְקָמוֹת יְהֹוָה אֵל נְקָמוֹת הוֹפִֽיעַ: הִנָּשֵׂא שֹׁפֵט הָאָֽרֶץ הָשֵׁב גְּמוּל עַל גֵּאִים: עַד מָתַי רְשָׁעִים יְהֹוָה עַד מָתַי רְשָׁעִים יַעֲלֺֽזוּ: יַבִּֽיעוּ יְדַבְּ֒רוּ עָתָק יִתְאַמְּ֒רוּ כָּל פֹּֽעֲלֵי אָֽוֶן: עַמְּ֒ךָ יְהֹוָה יְדַכְּ֒אוּ וְנַחֲלָתְ֒ךָ יְעַנּוּ: אַלְמָנָה וְגֵר יַהֲרֹֽגוּ וִיתוֹמִים יְרַצֵּֽחוּ: וַיֹּאמְ֒רוּ לֺא יִרְאֶה יָהּ וְלֺא יָבִין אֱלֺהֵי יַעֲקֹב: בִּֽינוּ בֹּעֲרִים בָּעָם וּכְ֒סִילִים מָתַי תַּשְׂכִּֽילוּ: הֲנֹֽטַע אֹֽזֶן הֲלֺא יִשְׁמָע אִם יוֹצֵר עַֽיִן הֲלֺא יַבִּיט: הֲיֹסֵר גּוֹיִם הֲלֺא יוֹכִֽיחַ הַמְ֒לַמֵּד אָדָם דָּֽעַת: יְהֹוָה יֹדֵֽעַ מַחְשְׁ֒בוֹת אָדָם כִּי הֵֽמָּה הָֽבֶל: אַשְׁרֵי הַגֶּֽבֶר אֲשֶׁר תְּיַסְּ֒רֶֽנּוּ יָהּ וּמִתּוֹרָתְ֒ךָ תְלַמְּ֒דֶֽנּוּ: לְהַשְׁקִיט לוֹ מִֽימֵי רָע עַד יִכָּרֶה לָרָשָׁע שָֽׁחַת: כִּי לֺא יִטּשׁ יְהֹוָה עַמּוֹ וְנַחֲלָתוֹ לֺא יַעֲזֹב: כִּי עַד צֶֽדֶק יָשׁוּב מִשְׁפָּט וְאַחֲרָיו כָּל יִשְׁ֒רֵי לֵב: מִי יָקוּם לִי עִם מְרֵעִים מִי יִתְיַצֵּב לִי עִם פֹּֽעֲלֵי אָֽוֶן: לוּלֵי יְהֹוָה עֶזְרָֽתָה לִּי כִּמְ֒עַט שָׁכְ֒נָה דוּמָה נַפְשִׁי: אִם אָמַֽרְתִּי מָֽטָה רַגְלִי חַסְדְּ֒ךָ יְהֹוָה יִסְעָדֵֽנִי: בְּרֹב שַׂרְעַפַּי בְּקִרְבִּי תַּנְחוּמֶֽיךָ יְשַׁעַשְׁ֒עוּ נַפְשִׁי: הַיְ֒חָבְרְךָ כִּסֵּא הַוָּוֹת יֹצֵר עָמָל עֲלֵי חֹק: יָגֽוֹדּוּ עַל נֶֽפֶשׁ צַדִּיק וְדָם נָקִי יַרְשִֽׁיעוּ: וַיְ֒הִי יְהֹוָה לִי לְמִשְׂגָּב וֵאלֺהַי לְצוּר מַחְסִי: וַיָּֽשֶׁב עֲלֵיהֶם אֶת אוֹנָם וּבְ֒רָעָתָם יַצְמִיתֵם יַצְמִיתֵם יְהֹוָה אֱלֺהֵֽינוּ: לְכוּ נְרַנְּ֒נָה לַיהוָֹה נָרִֽיעָה לְצוּר יִשְׁעֵֽנוּ: נְקַדְּ֒מָה פָנָיו בְּתוֹדָה בִּזְמִרוֹת נָרִֽיעַ לוֹ: כִּי אֵל גָּדוֹל יְהֹוָה וּמֶֽלֶךְ גָּדוֹל עַל כָּל אֱלֺהִים:

 

Almighty of vengeance, YEHOVAH,18Psalm 94, “Almighty of vengeance” was sung on the fourth day because GOD created the sun and the moon on the fourth day, and HE will punish those who worship them.—Maseches Rosh Hashana Almighty of vengeance, reveal YOUrself. Arise Judge of the earth, repay the arrogant their just reward. How long shall the wicked— YEHOVAH— how long shall the wicked exult? They express, they speak with arrogance; all the evildoers are boastful. YEHOVAH, they crush YOUr people and YOUr heritage they oppress. The widow and stranger they kill, and orphans they murder. And they say, "GOD does not see, the GOD of Jacob is not concerned." Consider, [you] stupid [ones] among the people,— and you fools when will you become wise? HE WHO implanted the ear, does HE not hear? HE WHO formed the eye, does HE not see? HE WHO chastises nations, does HE not reprove— HE that teaches man knowledge? YEHOVAH knows the thoughts of men, that they are vanity. Fortunate is the man whom YOU chastise, GOD, and whom YOU instruct from YOUr Torah. To grant him tranquility from days of evil, until the pit is dug for the wicked. for YEHOVAH will not abandon HIS people and HIS inheritance, HE will not forsake. For justice shall return unto righteousness, and all the upright in heart will follow it. WHO will rise up for me against the wicked, who will stand up for me against the evildoers? Had YEHOVAH not been my help, in an instant my soul would have dwelt in the silent grave. If [Whenever] I said, my foot has slipped, YOUr kindliness, YEHOVAH upheld me. When (worrisome) thoughts multiply within me, YOUr consolations soothe my soul. Can a tribunal of evil have accord with YOU— [a tribunal] that makes iniquity into law? They gang up against the life of the righteous, and blood of the innocent they condemn. YEHOVAH has been my stronghold, my GOD the Rock of my refuge. HE turns their violence against them, and with their own wickedness destroys them; YEHOVAH, my GOD, destroys them. Come let us sing to YEHOVAH; let us shout for joy to the Rock of our Deliverance.19This verse and the following two are from Psalms 95:1-3. Let us greet Him with thanksgiving; with song let us shout for joy to Him. for a great Almighty is YEHOVAH; a great King over all godlike beings.

 

 

(הושיענו וכו'. קדיש יתום.)

 

(Deliver us...; Mourner's Kaddish.)

 

 

 

בחמישי בשבת:

 

On Thursday:

 

 

 

הַיּוֹם יוֹם חֲמִישִׁי בַּשַּׁבָּת שֶׁבּוֹ הָיוּ הַלְ֒וִיִּם אוֹמְ֒רִים בְּבֵית הַמִּקְדָּשׁ:

 

Today is the fifth day of the week, on which the Levites used to recite in the Holy Temple:

לַמְנַצֵּֽחַ עַל הַגִּתִּית לְאָסָף: הַרְנִֽינוּ לֵאלֺהִים עֻזֵּנוּ הָרִֽיעוּ לֵאלֺהֵי יַעֲקֹב: שְׂאוּ זִמְרָה וּתְ֒נוּ תֹף כִּנּוֹר נָעִים עִם נָֽבֶל: תִּקְ֒עוּ בַחֹֽדֶשׁ שׁוֹפָר בַּכֶּֽסֶה לְיוֹם חַגֵּֽנוּ: כִּי חֹק לְיִשְׂרָאֵל הוּא מִשְׁפָּט לֵאלֺהֵי יַעֲקֹב: עֵדוּת בִּיהוֹסֵף שָׂמוֹ בְּצֵאתוֹ עַל אֶֽרֶץ מִצְרָֽיִם שְׂפַת לֺא יָדַֽעְתִּי אֶשְׁמָע: הֲסִירֽוֹתִי מִסֵּֽבֶל שִׁכְמוֹ כַּפָּיו מִדּוּד תַּעֲבֹֽרְ֒נָה: בַּצָּרָה קָרָֽאתָ וָאֲחַלְּ֒צֶֽךָ אֶעֶנְךָ בְּסֵֽתֶר רַֽעַם אֶבְחָנְ֒ךָ עַל מֵי מְרִיבָה סֶֽלָה: שְׁמַע עַמִּי וְאָעִֽידָה בָּךְ יִשְׂרָאֵל אִם תִּשְׁמַע לִי: לֺא יִהְיֶה בְךָ אֵל זָר וְלֺא תִשְׁתַּחֲוֶה לְאֵל נֵכָר: אָנֹכִי יְהֹוָה אֱלֺהֶֽיךָ הַמַּעַלְ֒ךָ מֵאֶֽרֶץ מִצְרָֽיִם הַרְחֶב פִּֽיךָ וַאֲמַלְ֒אֵֽהוּ: וְלֺא שָׁמַע עַמִּי לְקוֹלִי וְיִשְׂרָאֵל לֺא אָֽבָה לִי: וָאֲשַׁלְּ֒חֵֽהוּ בִּשְׁרִירוּת לִבָּם יֵלְ֒כוּ בְּמוֹעֲצוֹתֵיהֶם: לוּ עַמִּי שֹׁמֵֽעַ לִי יִשְׂרָאֵל בִּדְ֒רָכַי יְהַלֵּֽכוּ: כִּמְ֒עַט אוֹיְ֒בֵיהֶם אַכְנִֽיעַ וְעַל צָרֵיהֶם אָשִׁיב יָדִי: מְשַׂנְ֒אֵי יְהֹוָה יְכַחֲשׁוּ לוֹ וִיהִי עִתָּם לְעוֹלָם: וַיַּאֲכִילֵֽהוּ מֵחֵֽלֶב חִטָּה וּמִצּוּר דְּבַשׁ אַשְׂבִּיעֶֽךָּ:

 

 

 

To Him WHO grants victory—20Psalm 81 was designated for the fifth day “Because GOD created the birds and fish on that day.” These creatures bring joy to the world and when people observe the vast variety of the bird and fish species, they are awed by GOD's creativity. They are thus inspired to sing joyously to GOD.—Maseches Rosh Hashana 31a upon the Gittis,21Gittis was a musical instrument that was manufactured in the town of Gat. a psalm of Assaf: Sing joyously to GOD, our strength, shout for joy to the GOD of Jacob.22Meiri associates the word הריעו with תרועה, sounding the shofar. Thus the verse reads, “Sound the shofar to the GOD of Jacob.” Take up the hymn, sound the drum, the pleasant harp and the lute. Blow the shofar on the Rosh Chodesh, at the appointed time for our festive day.23The Talmud relates the word כסה with כסה, covering. All other festivals occur when the moon is clearly visible. Rosh Hashana occurs at the beginning of the month when the moon is barely visible.—Maseches Rosh Hashana 8a For it is a statute for Israel, a [day of] judgement of the GOD of Jacob.24S.R. Hirsch translates, “The GOD of Jacob sits in judgment.” As a testimony for Yehosef, HE ordained it25Joseph feared GOD's Name and refused to give in to the wiles of Potiphar's wife. Because he sanctified GOD's Name, he merited that the letter hei from GOD's Name should be added to his name, making it Yehosef, יהוסף.—Maseches Sotah 10b. when he went out over the land of Egypt, [where] an unfamiliar language I heard. From the burden, I removed his shoulder, his hands were removed from the cauldron.26Rashi says that this refers to the cooking and menial kitchen tasks which the Jewish slaves were forced to do in Egypt. In distress you called out, and I released you, I answered you [though you called] in secret [I answered you] thunderously; I tested you at the waters of Merivah. Selah. HEar, My people, I will testify about you, Israel, if you would just listen to Me. Let no strange god be within you, nor bow before a foreign god. I am YEHOVAH, your GOD, WHO brought you up from the land of Egypt, open your mouth wide, and I will fill it.27“Open your mouth wide” and state all your desires. But My people did not heed My voice, and Israel did not want Me. So I sent them to follow their heart's desires, let them follow their own devices. If only My people would heed Me, if Israel would walk in My ways. I would immediately subdue their enemies, and turn My hand against their tormentors. Those who cause hate of YEHOVAH deceive [pretend obedience to] Him, but their time (of punishment) will be forever. But HE would feed him (Israel) from the cream of the wheat, and from the rock, I would sate you with honey.

 

 

 

(הושיענו וכו'. קדיש יתום.)

 

(Deliver us...; Mourner's Kaddish.)

 

 

 

בשישי בשבת:

 

On Friday:

 

 

 

 

הַיּוֹם יוֹם שִׁשִּׁי בַּשַּׁבָּת שֶׁבּוֹ הָיוּ הַלְ֒וִיִּם אוֹמְ֒רִים בְּבֵית הַמִּקְדָּשׁ:

 

Today is the sixth day of the week, on which the Levites used to recite in the Holy Temple:

 

 

 

יְהֹוָה מָלָךְ גֵּאוּת לָבֵשׁ לָבֵשׁ יְהֹוָה עֹז הִתְאַזָּר אַף תִּכּוֹן תֵּבֵל בַּל תִּמּוֹט: נָכוֹן כִּסְאֲךָ מֵאָז מֵעוֹלָם אָֽתָּה: נָשְׂ֒אוּ נְהָרוֹת יְהֹוָה נָשְׂ֒אוּ נְהָרוֹת קוֹלָם יִשְׂ֒אוּ נְהָרוֹת דָּכְיָם: מִקֹּלוֹת מַֽיִם רַבִּים אַדִּירִים מִשְׁבְּ֒רֵי יָם אַדִּיר בַּמָּרוֹם יְהֹוָה: עֵדֹתֶֽיךָ נֶאֶמְ֒נוּ מְאֹד לְבֵיתְ֒ךָ נָאֲוָה קֹֽדֶשׁ יְהֹוָה לְאֹֽרֶךְ יָמִים:

 

YEHOVAH has begun HIS reign,28On the sixth day, the Levites sang Psalm 93, “YEHOVAH has begun his reign, with majesty HE has clothed Himself,” because HE completed the work of creation and reigned over all HIS creatures.—Maseches Rosh Hashana 31a with majesty HE has clothed Himself; YEHOVAH clothed Himself, with strength HE has girded Himself; HE has firmly established the world, so that it cannot be moved. YOUr throne stands firm from of old, YOU are from eternity. The rivers have raised—YEHOVAH— the rivers have raised their voice, the rivers raise their raging waves. More than the roar of many waters, mightier than the breakers of the sea, mighty on high are YOU "YEHOVAH." YOUr testimonies are extremely faithful; holiness is becoming to YOUr House, YEHOVAH,—for the length of days.

 

 

 

הוֹשִׁיעֵֽנוּ אֱלֹהֵי יִשְׁעֵֽנוּ וְקַבְּ֒צֵֽנוּ וְהַצִּילֵֽנוּ מִן־הַגּוֹיִם לְהוֹדוֹת לְשֵׁם קָדְשֶֽׁךָ לְהִשְׁתַּבֵּֽחַ בִּתְהִלָּתֶֽךָ: בָּרוּךְ יְהֹוָה אֱלֹהֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל מִן־הָעוֹלָם וְעַד הָעֹלָם וְאָמַר כָל־הָעָם אָמֵן הַלְ֒לוּיָה. בָּרוּךְ יְהֹוָה מִצִּיּוֹן שֹׁכֵן יְרוּשָׁלָֽיִם הַלְ֒לוּיָהּ: בְּרוּךְ יְהֹוָה אֱלֹהִים אֱלֹהֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל עֹשֵׂה נִפְלָאוֹת לְבַדּוֹ: וּבָרוּךְ שֵׁם כְּבוֹדוֹ לְעוֹלָם וְיִמָּלֵא כְבוֹדוֹ אֶת־כָּל־הָאָרֶץ אָמֵן וְאָמֵן:

 

Deliver us, GOD of our deliverance; gather us and save us from the nations to give thanks to YOUr holy Name, to be extolled in YOUr praise. Blessed is YEHOVAH, the GOD of Israel for all eternity, and all the people said: "Amen" Praise GOD. Blessed is YEHOVAH from Zion, WHO dwells in Jerusalem. Praise GOD. Blessed is YEHOVAH, GOD, GOD of Israel WHO alone performs wonders. And blessed is the Name of HIS glory forever, and may HIS glory fill the whole earth. Amen and Amen!