· Shabbat Ha Chodesh Haftarah: Ezekiel 45:16-46:18
· Maftir: Exodus 12:1-20
· Exodus 38:21–40:38
· 1 Kings 7:51–8:21
· Hebrews 8:1–12
In the last few Parshiot of Terumah, Tetzaveh and the first part of Ki Tisa, YAHUVEH instructed Moses regarding the making of the Mishkan (Tabernacle), dwelling place, its vessels, and the priestly garments.
In this week’s readings, the glory of YAHUVEH filled the Temple after the work of building it was completed.
Completing the Temple
“How lovely is your dwelling place [Mishkan], YAHUVEH Almighty! My soul yearns, even faints, for the courts of ELOHIM; my heart and my flesh cry out for the living ELOHIM.” (Psalm 84:1–2)
Vayakhel records the actual implementation of YAHUVEH's instructions on how to build the Mishkan, which was recounted earlier in Parasha Terumah.
Indeed, Vayakhel is almost repeated word for word in Terumah, with one notable change: the instructions in Terumah that were prefaced with the words "and they shall make" are now written with "and they made."
The Tabernacle and the Sabbath
“For six days, work is to be done, but the seventh day shall be your holy day, a day of Sabbath rest to YAHUVEH. Whoever does any work on it is to be put to death. Do not light a fire in any of your dwellings on the Sabbath day.” (Exodus 35:2–3)
The people stood prepared to begin the construction of the Tabernacle. But even as important as this work was, Moses brought to their attention, yet again, that they must not work on the Shabbat (Sabbath).
The holiness of the Sabbath was not to be violated even for the sacred purpose of building the Tabernacle.
Building the Tabernacle: A Community Affair
Regarding the building of the tabernacle, YAHUVEH stirred up the hearts of the people to bring their offerings for the work of YAHUVEH.
It was not just Moses’ private project; it was a community affair, so each one contributed what they could from their material resources.
Some prepared the holy garments, while others prepared the anointing oil, and the sacred vessels, etc. Everyone worked together toward this common goal.
Similarly, none of us can do the work of YAHUVEH alone.
Building up the body of Messiah must be a communal work – each one whose hearts are stirred by YAHUVEH, giving what they are able. Some use their talents and others give their material resources.
Many give both.
A Joyful Outpouring of Resources
“The people have given more than enough materials to complete the job YAHUVEH has commanded us to do!” (Exodus 36:5)
The Israelites were so overjoyed to give to the building of the Mishkan (Tabernacle) that they gave enthusiastically.
So generously did they give that they actually had to be restrained from giving more! (Exodus 36:3–7)
YAHUVEH responds to the cheerful giver with love and generosity, and He multiplies the seed sown so that there is no lack.
“Each of you should give what you have decided in your heart to give, not reluctantly or under compulsion, for YAHUVEH loves a cheerful giver. And YAHUVEH is able to bless you abundantly, so that in all things at all times, having all that you need, you will abound in every good work.” (2 Corinthians 9:7–8)
If everyone whose heart was stirred by YAHUVEH gave what was in their heart to give, there would be more than enough to meet every need.
The Widow’s Mite
It’s not so much the amount of the offering, but the amount of sacrificial love with which it is given to YAHUVEH, that counts.
In chapter 21 of the Gospel of Luke, YAHUSHUA observed the rich putting their gifts into the Temple treasury. He also witnessed a poor widow putting in two leptons (which are called mites in the King James translation of the Bible).
In YAHUSHUA’s day, a lepton (Greek for ‘small’ or ‘thin’) was the smallest denomination of coins. Like pennies today, they would hardly be considered worth the effort of stooping to pick one up off the street.
Her two mites were not going to make an appreciable difference in the upkeep of the Temple, but YAHUSHUA took special notice of this tiny offering and gave this widow a great honor.
What might be considered an insignificant offering by some has been recorded and is still read about two thousand years later! YAHUSHUA actually valued this poor widow’s offering more than the generous offerings of the rich.
“I tell you the truth,” YAHUSHUA said, “this poor widow has given more than all the rest of them. For they have given a tiny part of their surplus, but she, poor as she is, has given everything she has.” (Luke 21:3–4)
Offerings of Time and Talent
"Whatever you do, do it all for the glory of YAHUVEH.” (1 Corinthians 10:31)
It wasn’t only financial offerings that the people gave to complete the work of building the Tabernacle. They also gave of their gifts and talents.
In some individuals, such as Betzalel (see last week's Parasha Ki Tisa), YAHUVEH placed His Spirit of wisdom and understanding for a specific artistic gifting to complete the building of the Mishkan.
Likewise, YAHUVEH gives each one of us gifts to be used for HIS glory.
Just as YAHUVEH gave explicitly detailed instructions for the building of the Tabernacle, and not just a general outline, we may also seek YAHUVEH for specific instructions on what He wants us to do for Him.
This week begins the first of four Parshiot leading up to the festivals of Purim and Passover. That’s right! These two Holy Days. are just around the corner!
Because this week's Shabbat is Shabbat Shekalim (Sabbath of Shekels), a special reading called a ‘maftir’ is added. Maftir shares the same root as Haftarah – ‘FTR’, which means to conclude.
This week’s special reading concludes the Torah portion and is taken from Exodus 30:11–16, which pertains to the half-shekel tax for the Tabernacle.
Shekalim is the plural form of the Hebrew word shekel, which was the currency of ancient Israel. It is also used today in the modern state of Israel.
Every Jewish adult male (20 years and older) was required to give half a Biblical shekel toward the building and maintenance of the Tabernacle.
Nationally, rich and poor alike set aside personal interests and were united by contributing equally to the goal of building the Tabernacle.
In remembrance of the half shekel, at this time of year, some Jewish people contribute to institutes of Jewish learning.
Shabbat Shekalim, perhaps, is also a good reminder of the importance of financially contributing to the upkeep and operating costs of those who are doing the work of YAHUVEH.
“All who cross over, those twenty years old or more, are to give an offering to YAHUVEH. The rich are not to give more than a half shekel and the poor are not to give less when you make the offering to YAHUVEH to atone for your lives. Receive the atonement money from the Israelites and use it for the service of the tent of meeting. It will be a memorial for the Israelites before YAHUVEH, making atonement for your lives.” (Exodus 30:14–16)
During Temple times, the half-shekel tax, called machatzit hashekel, was due yearly on the first of Nissan.
The call for the tax was issued to the people at the start of the previous month, Adar, giving people time to prepare their payment before the annual pilgrimage to Jerusalem for Passover.
The collection of this tax was significant and practical. Since Passover begins on Nissan 14, these extra funds allowed for the purchase of animals for the communal sacrifices.
Funds also contributed to the upkeep of the Temple and its vessels, the roads and pathways to the Temple, wages, and the maintenance of the ritual baths (called mikvot) for the customary pre-Passover purification. If a mikvah were not properly maintained, then it would not be kosher and could not be used for ritual purposes.
Shabbat Shekalim, then, is a wonderful time to renew our commitment to be faithful in our support of those places doing the work of YAHUVEH and where we are being spiritually fed.
"You will again have compassion on us; You will tread our sins underfoot and hurl all our iniquities into the depths of the sea." (Micah 7:19)
And now for Parasha Pekudei (Accounts).
In Parasha Vayakhel, the people donated the required materials for the building of the Mishkan in such abundance that Moses had to tell them to stop giving.
In this Parasha, Pekudei, an accounting is made of those materials, and the eight priestly garments are made according to the specifications in Parasha Tetzaveh.
The Mishkan is also completed and a cloud appears over it; the Glory of YAHUVEH's Divine Presence has come to dwell within it.
The Glory of GOD’s SHEKHINYAH (RUACH HAKODESH)
“Moses inspected the work and saw that they had done it just as YAHUVEH had commanded. So Moses blessed them.” (Exodus 39:43)
Parasha Pekudei addresses the mystery of how an unlimited, eternal GOD who transcends all time and space can possibly take up residence within the limitations of a man-made building.
Once Moses and the people finished the work of constructing the Mishkan, the Glory of YAHUVEH filled it, SHEKHINYAH, the RUACH HAKODESH.
“So Moses finished the work. Then the cloud covered the meeting and the glory of ELOHIM filled the tabernacle.” (Exodus 40:33–34)
The word for glory in Exodus 40:34 is ‘kavod’; it is related to the Hebrew verb ‘kaved’, which means to ‘honor’, to ‘be honored’, and to ‘be heavy’.
When we give someone ‘kaved’, it means we give them honor or respect — we treat them as a person of substance, importance, of great value. This same word used in the Ten Commandments, “Honor (kaved) your father and your mother.” (Exodus 20:12)
In this Torah reading, YAHUVEH chose to place His Glory (Kavod SHEKHINYAH) into the finite space of the Mishkan (Sanctuary). His Presence was unmistakable and of great substance. It was heavy and inspired reverence.
The Presence of ELOHIM’s SHEKHINYAH was so weighty, in fact, that Moses himself was unable to enter.
"Moses could not enter the tent of meeting because the cloud had settled on it, and the glory of YAHUVEH filled the tabernacle." (Exodus 40:35)
As the children of Israel moved on from the foot of Mount Sinai, where they received the revelation of the Torah, the manifestation of RUACH HAKODESH in cloud and fire that hovered over the mountain now moved with them to cover the Tabernacle.
This sign reassured the people of His continual Presence and guidance throughout all the rest of their journeys.
“For the cloud of YAHUVEH was upon the tabernacle by day, and there was fire therein by night, in the sight of all the house of Israel, throughout all their journeys.” (Exodus 40:38)
Similarly, YAHUSHUA will always be with us. He promised, “I am with you always, to the very end of the age.” (Matthew 28:20)
As Believers in YAHUSHUA, we do not need to drift aimlessly upon a storm-tossed sea of trials and tribulations alone; the RUACH HAKODESH has been sent to lead and guide us and to be with us forever.
"I will ask the Father, and He will give you another Helper, that He may be with you forever.” (John 14:16)
The Glory of ELOHIM Falls on Solomon’s Temple
“When the priests withdrew from the Holy Place, the cloud filled the temple of YAHUVEH. And the priests could not perform their service because of the cloud, for the glory of the Lord filled his temple.” (1 Kings 8:10–11)
In the Haftarah (Prophetic portion) for this week, the SHEKHINYAH, Glory of YAHUVEH, filled the Temple in Jerusalem once the work had been completed – just as SHE had filled the Mishkan in the wilderness when the work was completed.
As in the Parasha reading, it was the end of the work that brought the supernatural outpouring of YAHUVEH’s presence, not the beginning.
Starting any kind of project is usually relatively simple, if accompanied by zeal and enthusiasm, but the true blessing comes upon finishing the work. This requires patience, diligence, and endurance.
Like the Israelites, Believers have also been given a job to finish:
“My only aim is to finish the race and complete the task the LORD YAHUSHUA has given me — the task of testifying to the good news of YAHUVEH's grace.” (Acts 20:24)
The Author and Finisher of Our Faith
When YAHUSHUA died on the Roman execution stake, His final words were, “It is finished.”
He knew that He had completed the work He had been sent to this world to accomplish.He had fulfilled His calling; He had glorified YAHUVEH, which was His heart’s earnest desire:
“I have glorified You on the earth; I have finished the work which You have given Me to do.” (John 17:4)
That work involved being the author and FINISHER of our faith! (Hebrews 12:2)
He is the Aleph and the Tav, the beginning and the end. HalleluYAH!
We can be secure in the knowledge that YAHUVEH always finishes what He starts. He did not just begin the work of creation; He finished it:
“Thus the heavens and the earth were completed in all their vast array.” (Genesis 2:1)
YAHUVEH is faithfully at work in each one of us, as well. He will bring the work He began in us through to perfect completion.
“Being confident of this, that He who began a good work in you will carry it on to completion until the day of Messiah YAHUSHUA.” (Philippians 1:6)
When we come to the end of our lives, even if it seems like there is yet much work to be done here on earth, may we be able to declare like the apostle Paul, “I have fought the good fight, I have finished the race, I have kept the faith.” (2 Timothy 4:7)
From Slavery to Freedom
Those who follow the Master, YAHUSHUA HAMASHIACH, have personally experienced freedom from slavery.
Before we knew YAHUSHUA, we were enslaved to sin, longing to be delivered from the kingdom of darkness.
Now His Torah is written on our hearts and His RUACH HAKODESH dwells within us, transforming us into the people He has called us to be.
“But we all, with unveiled face, beholding as in a mirror the glory of ELOHIM, are being transformed into the same image from glory to glory, just as from the Lord, the Spirit.” (2 Corinthians 3:18)
"He called you to this through our gospel, that you might share in the glory of our LORD YAHUSHUA HAMASHIACH." (2 Thessalonians 2:14)